Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. It was a century in which conflicts between Crown and Parliament and the overlapping conflicts between Protestants, Anglicans and Catholics swirled into civil war in the s.
Thomas Hobbes first coined the term "state of nature", by which he meant the environment where everyone acted on their desires without any legal or moral restraint.
This would obviously lead to chaos as everybody would be stealing, pillaging and killing to satisfy their wants. Locke's vision was slightly different in that he advocated belief in a "Law of Nature", which provided natural moral principles that people were naturally inclined towards.
These stemmed from his belief in God and His creation of Man and all things on Earth. The basic laws are as follows: Man is God's property, therefore one has the right to defend oneself from harm; 2.
Therefore one also has the duty to protect others from harm; 3. Therefore one is also obligated to punish those who cause harm. From these, Locke derived property rights where if you have added your labour to improve a piece of land which originally has no owneryou can claim ownership over it.
In a state of nature where there is no rule of law, these rights are not defendable. So Locke proposed a removal from the state of nature in the form of a representative democracy that would be charged with defending these rights.
Hope this goes some way to clearing up the fuzz.Feb 13, · He does not view this as the beginning of the state of war, but the multiplication of the inconveniences of the state of nature. This argument of Locke’s is one that seems logically invalid timberdesignmag.coms: Hobbes’ state of nature differs from Locke’s.
Locke’s state of nature is peaceful and is separate from his state of war. Hobbe’s argues that a state of war exists within the state of nature. Locke addresses the natural instincts of people, or the state of nature, in order to define political power. In Chapter 2, Locke explains the state of nature as a state of equality in which no one has power over another, and all are free to do as they please.
Mar 22, · Best Answer: From what I understand, the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the state of nature was that men would act in a positive way, they can reach order without being absolutely controlled by one timberdesignmag.com: Resolved.
Hobbes and Locke on Natural Rights According to the natural right theory, the state of nature is the original condition of human beings in regard to any common authority. Locke describes international relations as a state of nature, and so in principle, states should have the same power to punish breaches of the natural law in the international community that individuals have in the state of nature.