For the past few months, the U. Senate has made significant strides toward legalizing industrial hemp.
Also, rates of marijuana use are often higher in people with symptoms of depression or anxiety, as reported by the NIDA. There have been no reports of THC overdose leading to death. Marijuana Effects on the Heart Shortly after smoking marijuana the heart rate increases drastically and may remain elevated for up to 3 hours.
This effect may be enhanced if other drugs are taken with marijuana. One study from Mittleman, et al has suggested that the risk of heart attack may increase by up to 4.
The effect may be due to the increased heart rate, as well as altered heart rhythms. The risk of heart attack may be greater in those with specific risk factors such as patients with high blood pressure, heart arrhythmia, or other cardiac disease.
Harvard Health also reports that the risk of a heart attack is several times higher in the hour after smoking marijuana than it would be normally, and this should be a red flag for anyone with a history of heart disease.
The risk of stroke may be increased, as well. Marijuana Effects on the Lungs After smoking marijuana, the bronchial passage relaxes and becomes enlarged.
Marijuana smoke contains many of the same cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke, often in greater quantities, as reported by Mehmedic and colleagues.
Both types of smoke contain cancer-causing nitrosamines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, vinyl chlorides, and phenol per research reported by Martinasek. Studies have shown that marijuana smoke contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke, and is an irritant to the lungs.
Marijuana users tend to inhale more deeply and hold their breath longer than tobacco smokers do, which further increases lung exposure to carcinogenic smoke.
People who smoke marijuana often have the same respiratory problems as cigarette smokers. These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and more frequent chest colds.
A systematic review of the respiratory effects of inhalational marijuana from Martinasek, et al indicates that there is a risk of lung cancer from inhalational marijuana as well as an association between inhalational marijuana and spontaneous pneumothorax, emphysema, or COPD.
In the review, eight of the 12 studies indicated an increased risk of lung cancer from cannabis use or cases indicating lung cancer occurrence.
Drug Interactions With Marijuana Combining marijuana with other CNS depressant drugs that also cause drowsiness or sedation such as alcohol, barbiturates, sedating antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, opiate pain killers, etc can magnify the drowsiness.
DO NOT drive if you are under the influence of marijuana, alcohol or any sedating drug.
A study from Hartman, et al shows that low doses of alcohol can significantly elevate the concentrations of THC in the blood. Marijuana use can raise the heart rate tachycardia and may be dangerous if used with other drugs that may also increase the heart rate.
People with cardiovascular disease should avoid marijuana use. The cannabinoids in marijuana THC, cannabidiol can affect liver enzymes and may alter the blood levels and effects of medications.
Drug interactions are often unpredictable or undocumented with marijuana and extreme caution should be exercised. These numbers could rise as more states continue to legalize marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes.
Due to possible adverse effects of marijuana on the fetus, ACOG recommends that marijuana should be avoided during pregnancy. Any drug of abuse can affect a mother's health. THC appears to cross the placenta, according to Davies et al. Human fetuses exhibit the cannabinoid receptor type 1 in the nervous system as early as 14 weeks of gestation, and animal studies suggest cannabinoid exposure may lead to abnormal brain development.
As reported by de Moraes Barro and colleagues, babies born to adolescents who used marijuana during pregnancy have shown adverse neurological behavior effects of the newborns in the first 24 to 78 hours after delivery.
Most reports do not show an association between marijuana use and preterm birth.The main active chemical in marijuana is THC (deltatetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive ingredient.
The highest concentrations of THC are found in the dried flowers, or buds. For the past few months, the U.S. Senate has made significant strides toward legalizing industrial hemp. That is welcome news to many of our clients, who are working with the plant under federally approved Agricultural Pilot Programs, while also dealing with almost absurdly complex issues.
Hemp supports America. From drafts of our founding documents to the sustainable paneling of 21st century cars, hemp’s versatility and strength have made it the fabric of the American imagination.
If successful, these campaigns could further open up new markets for significant business opportunities in the cannabis industry.
Here is Marijuana Business Daily’s roundup of the top state cannabis campaigns for The list doesn’t include some smaller-level movements that are more symbolic attempts at legalization. Even though it contains nearly none of the chemical that gives marijuana its intoxicating agent, hemp has been illegal for decades in the U.S.
a longtime advocate of hemp legalization. Marijuana legalization in New Jersey must be fair and equitable and must address past disproportionate harms to communities of color. Grow New Mexico DPA has been advocating at the state legislature for passage of a Constitutional Amendment allowing the possession, use, and sales of marijuana in New Mexico.