We include a list of further reading with hyperlinks to documents that are available online; legislators and staff can ask OLR for copies of any document listed. Along the same lines, several medical and mental health professional associations, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Psychoanalytic Association, and the American Psychological Association have issued formal statements generally supporting equal access to parenting and adoption for gay men and lesbians.
Many also have condemned discrimination based on sexual orientation in adoption, custody and other parenting situations and called for equal rights for all parents and children.
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry approved the following statement in support of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and queer parenting in There is no evidence to suggest or support that parents who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender are per Gay lesbian parenting superior or inferior from or deficient in parenting skills, child-centered concerns, and parent-child attachments when compared with heterosexual parents.
This applies to all children, whether their parents are of the same or opposite sex. The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes that a considerable body of professional literature provides evidence that children with parents who are homosexual can have the same advantages and the same expectations for health, adjustment, and development as can children whose parents are heterosexual.
The other partner in a parental role is called the "coparent" or "second parent. Denying legal parent status through adoption to coparents or second parents Gay lesbian parenting these children from enjoying the psychologic and legal security that comes from having 2 willing, capable, and loving parents.
In addition, legislative initiatives assuring legal status equivalent to marriage for gay and lesbian partners, such as the law approving civil unions in Vermont, can also attend to providing security and permanence for the children of those partnerships.
Rather, adoption has been decided by probate or family courts on a case-by-case basis. Case precedent is limited. It is important that a broad ethical mandate exist nationally that will guide the courts in providing necessary protection for children through coparent adoption.
The legal sanction provided by coparent adoption accomplishes the following: Provides legal grounds for either parent to provide consent for medical care and to make education, health care, and other important decisions on behalf of the child.
Creates the basis for financial security for children in the event of the death of either parent by ensuring eligibility to all appropriate entitlements, such as Social Security survivors benefits. Be familiar with professional literature regarding gay and lesbian parents and their children; Support the right of every child and family to the financial, psychologic, and legal security that results from having legally recognized parents who are committed to each other and to the welfare of their children; Advocate for initiatives that establish permanency through coparent or second-parent adoption for children of same-sex partners through the judicial system, legislation, and community education.
The American Psychiatric Association supports initiatives that allow same-sex couples to adopt and co-parent children and supports all the associated legal rights, benefits, and responsibilities which arise from such initiatives.
The American Psychiatric Association adopted the following position statement at its December meeting: Sexual orientation should not be used as the sole or primary factor in child custody decisions. Gay and lesbian couples and individuals should be allowed to become parents through adoption, fostering and new reproductive technologies, subject to the same type of screening used with heterosexual couples and individuals.
Second-parent adoptions which grant full parental rights to a second, unrelated adult usually an unmarried partner of a legal parentare often in the best interest of the child ren and should not be prohibited solely because both adults are of the same gender.
Custody determinations after dissolution of a gay relationship should be done in a manner similar to other custody determinations.
American Psychoanalytic Association The American Psychoanalytic Association adopted this policy statement in support of gay and lesbian parenting in May Accumulated evidence suggests the best interest of the child requires attachment to committed, nurturing and competent parents.
Evaluation of an individual or couple for these parental qualities should be determined without prejudice regarding sexual orientation. Gay and lesbian individuals and couples are capable of meeting the best interest of the child and should be afforded the same rights and should accept the same responsibilities as heterosexual parents.
Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, Incorporated, for the year Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Council of Representatives. American Psychologist, 32, Legislation seeking to restrict foster care and adoption by gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender people should be vigorously opposed.
Everyone with the potential to successfully parent a child in foster care or adoption is entitled to fair and equal consideration.LGBT Youth Resources.
American Psychological Association (APA) Resources Healthy Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Students Project The Safe and Supportive Schools Project promotes safe and supportive environments to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among adolescents.
These gay and lesbian parents adopted or conceived through insemination and surrogacy. Read their stories and know that it's conceivable to start a family. The unmistakable reality is that the laws in America were built for heterosexual couples, and this creates unique legal issues for gay and lesbian couples that want to become parents.
1 THE EFFECTS OF LESBIAN AND GAY PARENTING ON CHILDREN’S DEVELOPMENT. This paper explores the research regarding the effects of homosexual versus heterosexual.
By Gary J. Gates February As many as six million American children and adults have an LGBT parent. Same-sex couple parents and their children are more likely to be racial and ethnic minorities.
There have been many debates over same-sex marriage and so with the issue of gay parenting. One of the concerns of people involved in these debates is whether this will be advantageous or not.