This study presents data from engineering faculty chosen predominantly from top programs in the USA, Canada, the UK and Australia - about how they view university efforts to help them procure research grants. The study gives detailed data on the percentage of faculty time spent on research grant procurement, and on the monetary total value of grants procured and on the total number of grants applied for. The study also presents faculty evaluation of the following types of services to scholars: Just a few of the report's many findings are that:
Does the report use the right kinds of scholarly or popular-scholarly sources to support its claims, and does it clearly explain the research process by which those sources' documents' were located?
While no number of sources can be called automatically "enough," the assignment requires that you find sources of sufficient quality to support what you say you know about your topic.
Scholarly sources are preferable, but in some disciplines the popular-scholarly source can be used for support if corroborated by scholarly sources. See me for advice about this. In the end, though, one of the most complex and subtle measures of your readiness for upper-division college writing will be your ability to match source quantity and quality to the strength of claims made by your thesis and the demands your readers are likely to make.
Articles are the sources of the most recent and most tightly focused analysis on your topic. Students who rely on books because the Library catalogue is easier to use, or because books appear to have "more on the topic," are still thinking at a pre-college level.
They do not understand how quickly book-length manuscripts become outdated, and how books' much larger theses can make it difficult for students to extract useful support from them without misunderstanding what they are borrowing.
Does it use at least one scholarly source, or does it contain a well-written endnote or footnote which explains exactly why there are no scholarly sources available on this topic? Take seriously the task of reading scholarship in your field.
The popular works available will not give you the authority to say things that will persuade your professors. You can use popular-scholarly journals and scholarly reference works to give you a "ladder of expertise" so that you can read professional scholars' work, but you eventually will have to join the dialogue they are conducting several times each year in their field's scholarly journals.
You can learn a lot from "negative success" at reading scholarly work, too. If you are trying your hardest, using all the aids available including asking teachers in the subject for helpand you still cannot read the scholarship near the end of your first year of study, you probably should rethink your intended major.
If the topic requires it, are the sources recent enough to be persuasive? Scholarship in the social and natural sciences becomes outdated quickly. Conclusions based on out of date evidence fail to persuade. Students who want to succeed in these majors must become persistent enough researchers to seek out the most recent and authoritative sources on their topics.
Humanities sources have undergone immense theoretical upheavals in the last decades of the Twentieth Century, and for many fields, secondary scholarship written much before can be suspect or unacceptable because its analytical methods are controlled by theoretical assumptions that are no longer acceptable.
The fields cannot engage in wholesale book-burning and web-site erasure to eliminate these problematic sources, but an early part of Humanities' majors' upper-division work involves becoming familiar with the currently acceptable theories and analytical methods, and with the sources from earlier scholars work which are still acceptable.
Is the thesis carefully composed to avoid claiming absolute knowledge if its evidence supports only possible or probable conclusions? Is the thesis supported by logically sound reasoning?
These questions are asking whether the author has moved beyond the stage of merely reporting what others say, and into the stage of being able to think creatively about the topic. Early attempts to do this may be tentative and uncertain. To protect your reputation for careful thinking, make sure you distinguish clearly among certain, probable, and possible conclusions.As you may know, "citizen journalism" is the process by which people use technology such as cell phone cameras, video recorders and internet websites to post pictures, stories and videos of news .
A Note on Research and Evaluation of Censored News Stories.
by Project Censored October 6, October 6, How do we at Project Censored identify and evaluate independent news stories, and how do we know that the Top 25 stories that we bring forward each year are not only relevant and significant, but also trustworthy?
The answer is that. Audience: to report on an event for the readers of a newspaper Length: The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate length of the writing expected.
Recent Nutrition Research Articles Recently published articles from Nutrition Research. Limited evidence for a beneficial effect of vitamin C supplementation on biomarkers of cardiovascular diseases: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. During the data collection process, random sites, days, times, and respondents (every nth) should be chosen to increase the reliability and generalizability of the data.
Observations Observational research is used for studying nonverbal behaviors (gestures, activities, social groupings, etc.). Complete OFO Version OFO Code Description MANAGERS Managers plan, direct, coordinate and evaluate the overall activities of enterprises, governments and other organizations, or of organizational units within them, and formulate and review their policies, laws, rules and regulations.