List of electoral districts by nation The names for electoral districts vary across countries and, occasionally, for the office being elected. The term constituency is commonly used to refer to an electoral district, especially in British English, but it can also refer to the body of eligible voters or all the residents of the represented area or only those who voted for a certain candidate.
A survey that provides data in four categories every year. The ACS does not report counts of the population but rather estimates. In a jurisdiction for example a city with an at-large election system, all voters in the jurisdiction vote for all candidates running for office in that city.
In at-large election systems, the candidates and office holders may live anywhere within the jurisdiction. The smallest level of census geography used by the Census Bureau to report census data.
In urban areas, census blocks usually conform to city blocks, and in rural areas they are formed by other physical features and legal boundaries such as bodies of water and roads.
Districting is based on census block level data. A small, relatively permanent statistical subdivision of a metropolitan statistical area or selected non-metropolitan county, delineated for the purpose of presenting decennial census data.
Census tracts usually contain between 2, and 8, people. Census tracts may be split by any sub-county geographic entity. The population that is 18 years and older and a citizen of the United States. Group of people with one or more specific common interest.
For districting, communities of interest are defined geographically based on where people with common interests live. A contiguous district is one in which all parts are geographically connected to each other in some way. Within a contiguous district, one may travel from any location to any other location without crossing the district boundary.
A term used in Voting Rights that describes splitting significantly sized racial or ethnic communities into multiple districts, rather than keeping them together.
Cracking is a particular problem when the division prevents the community from electing a candidate of its choice because it constitutes too small a portion of the electorate in the multiple districts.
Rules established in the law that the districting body must follow when drawing electoral district boundaries. For example, one criterion is that districts have reasonably equal populations. The difference between the total population of the district and the ideal population of the district. The process of creating equally populated electoral districts by using various criteria such as Communities of Interest.
Jurisdiction with districts redraw or adjust them usually every ten years after the release of the new census data to equalize the populations again. That process is called redistricting. A GIS file that shows the relationship between two geographic units.
In districting, this file usually lists each census block in the dataset and indicates which district each block belongs to. The collection of block assignments is read by GIS software and displayed as district lines.
The total population for the jurisdiction as reported by the Census P. L dataset divided by the number of districts. The ideal population is the number of people that each district should contain when the districting process is complete. Map layers may display attribute data. A term used in Voting Rights that describes over-concentrating a significantly sized racial or ethnic community within one district when it could have been allocated between two or more districts in which it had the ability to elect a candidate of its choice.
Packing is a problem because over-concentrating a community in one district reduces or dilutes its ability to achieve fair representation in the legislative body in general.
Racially polarized voting occurs when voters of different races tend to vote for different candidates.
For example, in an area where White voters tend to vote against the candidates for which Asian American voters cast their ballots, racially polarized voting is present.Watch video · "Passing a law that changes the city's electoral districts in the middle of its election and undermines the overall fairness of the election is antithetical to the core principles of our democracy.
Lindgren and Southwell examine electoral districting in the post Census years to determine the variation in competitiveness for subsequent elections to the U.S.
House of Representatives. The authors find that independent commissions resulted in more competitive districts. “Electoral districting is a crucial part of the City of Edmonton’s election planning responsibilities. The division of the wards can be a political sensitive issue but is required to ensure equal democratic representation is maintained as shifts occur in the City’s population demographics between elections.
The capital and largest city Tallinn constitutes 3 electoral districts and second largest city Tartu 1. Other districts are divided by the 15 counties. Two of the districts are shared by a group of 3 counties, 3 districts by 2 counties and 3 counties make up a separate electoral district.
Electoral Districts. Description of the electoral district boundaries References to a highway, a boulevard, an avenue, a road, or a street indicate the centre line, unless otherwise specified. Districting: The process of creating equally populated electoral districts by using various criteria (such as Communities of Interest).
In districting, electoral districts are created “from scratch” in a jurisdiction (a city for example) that does not currently have districts.