By Timothy Gehle — November 23, Offline When preparing a research study for publication, there are several standard sections that should be included. An empirical study article should include an abstract, an introduction, a discussion of the methodology employed, a statement of the results, a conclusion, and a list of references.
The introduction and literature review sections will introduce the problem and provide general information.
The following section will describe each of these parts in more detail. Additional information can be found in the Resources section of this module and in the Suggested Readings.
Title The title should be specific and indicate the problem the research project addresses using keywords that will be helpful in literature reviews in the future. Abstract The abstract is used by readers to quickly review the overall content of the paper.
Journals typically place strict word limits on abstracts, such as words, making them a challenge to write. The abstract should provide a complete synopsis of the research paper and should introduce the topic and the specific research question, provide a statement regarding methodology and should provide a general statement about the results and the findings.
Because it is really a summary of the entire research paper, it is often written last. Introduction The introduction begins by introducing the broad overall topic and providing basic background information. It then narrows down to the specific research question relating to this topic.
It provides the purpose and focus for the rest of the paper and sets up the justification for the research.
Literature Review The purpose of the literature review is to describe past important research and it relate it specifically to the research problem. It should be a synthesis of the previous literature and the new idea being researched. The review should examine the major theories related to the topic to date and their contributors.
It should include all relevant findings from credible sources, such as academic books and peer-reviewed journal articles. Methods The methods section will describe the research design and methodology used to complete to the study.
The general rule of thumb is that readers should be provided with enough detail to replicate the study.
Results In this section, the results of the analysis are presented. How the results are presented will depend upon whether the research study was quantitative or qualitative in nature. This section should focus only on results that are directly related to the research or the problem.
Graphs and tables should only be used when there is too much data to efficiently include it within the text. This section should present the results, but not discuss their significance. The hypothesis should be answered and validated by the interpretation of the results.
This section should also discuss how the results relate to previous research mentioned in the literature review, any cautions about the findings, and potential for future research.
This section should be an alphabetized list of all the academic sources of information utilized in the paper.The research process uncovers what other writers have written about your topic. Your education paper should include a discussion or review of what is known about the .
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To prevent reading failure, educators must understand and act on scientific evidence. Because students who do not learn to read will have difficulty mastering academic content, succeeding in school, and fulfilling their life potential, the schools' fundamental responsibility is to ensure that all.
Scholarly journals are generally academic journals that encourage academic and scientific research. These journals generally prefer to publish original research works, conducted following a systematic research methodology.
feedback from the research community at the annual meetings of the American Educational Research Association, where representatives from ED and NSF presented the guidelines and held iteratively designs and tests components of a strategy or intervention, or is designed to assess impact of a fully-developed intervention on an.