Understanding Obesity Learn about obesity In the simplest clinical terms, obesity is defined as having an abnormal or excessive amount of body fat. Many physicians and other healthcare experts in the United States use the body mass index BMI scale to determine obesity.
References Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. Where people live can affect their ability to make healthy choices. Behavior Behaviors that influence excess weight gain include eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, not getting enough physical activity, sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices, medication use, and sleep routines.
In contrast, consuming a healthy diet and being physically active can help children grow as well as maintain a healthy weight throughout childhood. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.
In addition, eating healthy and being physically active also has other health benefits and helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Use these resources to eat well and be active! A healthy diet follows the Dietary Guidelines for Americans that emphasizes eating a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, a variety of lean protein foods, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products.
It also limits eating foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends children aged 6 years or older do at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.
Community Environment It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits. Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide.
Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.
Consequences of Obesity More Immediate Health Risks Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body in a variety of ways. Children who have obesity are more likely to have High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease CVD.
Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea. Joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort. Fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux i. Childhood obesity is also related to Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.
Low self-esteem and lower self-reported quality of life. Social problems such as bullying and stigma.
Future Health Risks Children who have obesity are more likely to become adults with obesity. Childhood obesity and cardiovascular dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol. Childhood obesity and risk of the adult metabolic syndrome:ESSAY: Child Obesity (Causes, effects and solutions) The increasing percentage of youth that have been experiencing nutritional issues particularly obesity is being discussed by many.
Hence, the. Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. Children who are obese are above the normal weight for their age and height. Childhood obesity is particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once.
Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body in a variety of ways. Children who have obesity are more likely to have () High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
The increasing percentage of youth that have been experiencing nutritional issues particularly obesity is being discussed by many. Hence, the causes and effects seem to be unknown to some.
Also, several studies have found a link between obesity and depression, though no definitive cause/effect determination has been made. In other words, it is unclear whether obesity is a precursor to depression, depression leads to obesity, or the two conditions share certain risk factors.
Causes of Childhood Obesity. It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences.