The UK first applied to join them inbut this was vetoed by France. During the general election campaign, David Cameron promised to renegotiate the terms of the UK's EU membership and later hold a referendum on the subject if a Conservative majority government was elected. The Bill simply provides for a referendum on continued EU membership by the end of December and does not otherwise specify the timing, other than requiring the Secretary of State to bring forward orders by the end of When the Conservative Party won a majority of seats in the House of Commons at the general election, Cameron reiterated his party's manifesto commitment to hold an in-out referendum on UK membership of the EU by the end ofbut only after "negotiating a new settlement for Britain in the EU".
The relationships among its constituent parts has changed many times. Geography Map of the United Kingdom. It is estimated that the UK is made up of over small islands. With a land area of 94, square milessquare kilometersthe United Kingdom is slightly smaller than Oregon in the United States.
When measured directly north-south it is a little over miles 1, km in length and is a fraction under miles km at its widest.
Most of England consists of rolling lowland terrain, with some mountainous terrain in the northwest Cambrian Mountains of the Lake District and north the upland moors of the Pennines and limestone hills of the Peak District. Scotland 's geography is varied, with lowlands in the south and east and highlands in the north and west, including Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the British Isles at 4, ft 1, meters.
There are many long and deep-sea arms, firths, and lochs. Scotland has nearly islands, mainly west and north of the mainland, notably the Hebrides, Orkney Islands and Shetland Islands. Wales Cymru in Welsh is mostly mountainous, the highest peak being Snowdon Yr Wyddfa at feet meters above sea level.
Northern Ireland, making up the north-eastern part of Ireland, is mostly hilly. Newbury and surroundings on a fine summer's day. At feet, Ben Nevis is the highest peak in the UK. The climate is generally temperatethough significantly warmer than some other locations at similar latitude, such as central Polanddue to the warming influence of the Gulf Stream.
The south is warmer and drier than the north. The prevailing winds are south-westerly, from the North Atlantic Current.
More than 50 percent of the days are overcast. There can be strong winds and floods, especially in winter. Average annual rainfall varies from over inches millimeters in the Scottish Highlands down to The county of Essex is one of the driest in the UK, with an average annual rainfall of around 24 inches mm although it typically rains on over days per year.
The highest temperature recorded in the UK was The lowest was The longest river is the River Severn, at miles kmwhich flows through both Wales and England. The largest lakes are: Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland The United Kingdom has an extensive system of canals, mostly built in the early years of the Industrial Revolutionbefore railways were built.
There are numerous dams and water reservoirs to store water for drinking and industry. The generation of hydroelectric power is rather limited, supplying less than two percent of British electricity, mainly from the Scottish Highlands.
Originally, oak forests covered the lowlands, while pine forests and patches of moorland covered the higher or sandy ground.
Most of the forests have been cleared for cultivationfuelconstruction and ship building so that byonly about 9 percent of the total surface is wooded—in east and north of Scotland and in southeast England.
Oak, ash and beech are the most common trees in England, while pine and birch are predominate in Scotland. Heather, grassesgorse, and bracken are found on the moorlands. Wolves, bears, boars, and reindeer are extinct, but red and roe deer are protected for sport.
Foxeshareshedgehogsrabbitsweaselsstoatsbadgersshrewsrats and mice are common, otters are found in many rivers, and seals appear along the coast.The United States of Europe, the European state, the European superstate, the European federation and Federal Europe are names used to refer to several similar hypothetical scenarios of the unification of Europe as a single sovereign federation of states (hence superstate), similar to the United States of America, both as projected by writers of .
This book provides a major empirical analysis of differing attitudes to European integration in three of Europe's most important countries: Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom. From its beginnings, the European Union has resounded with debate over whether .
United Kingdom European Union membership referendum; Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is a state located off the northwestern coast of mainland Europe. It comprises the island of Great Britain, the north-east part of the island of Ireland and many small islands.
Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK with a land border, sharing it with the Republic of Ireland. We also need to keep in mind the role of ideas in European integration and relationships; supranational, intergovernmental, multilateral and bilateral links that connect Europe; global and European political and economic pressures such as the Eurozone or emerging powers; and the outlook of the political elites across the EU that will define how Europe .
A European Union flag, with a hole cut in the middle, flies at half-mast outside a home in Knutsford Cheshire, Britain. (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images).